and revealed them to babes; yea, Father, for such was thy gracious will
ON THE SOUL
Here are collected all utterances of Jesus that incorporate the New Testament Greek word, yuxh\(psuche), and its cognates.
The definition, as given by Thayer1 is:
yuxh\ (pronunciation, psuche, psyche) -- breath, life, soul
The corresponding English words are colored in blue where it occurs in the English text below.
This is a complex word due to the variety of definitions assigned to it by the lexicons, and utilized in the text. Translators assign the definitions according to context. In many contexts, it becomes a subjective decision on the part of the translator because of the variety of conceptions of the word, soul. It is my view that whenever Jesus utilizes this word, it is generally more correct to understand him to be speaking of the life of the body (soma), that is associated with breath, hence its definition as breath. For example, we have this for Matthew 16:26:
Revised Standard Version
For what will it profit a man, if he gains the whole world and forfeits his life? Or what shall a man give in return for his life?
King James Version
For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?
This provides some explanation for the fact that the significance of the Great Principle remained hidden for centuries from English speaking nations.
Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.
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|BE NOT ANXIOUS|
 Therefore I tell you, do not be anxious about your life, what you shall eat or what you shall drink, nor about your body, what you shall put on. Is not life more than food, and the body more than clothing?
 Look at the birds of the air: they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more value than they?
 And he said to his disciples, Therefore I tell you, do not be anxious about your life, what you shall eat, nor about your body, what you shall put on.
 For life is more than food, and the body more than clothing.
|HAVE NO FEAR|
 So have no fear of them; for nothing is covered that will not be revealed, or hidden that will not be known.
 What I tell you in the dark, utter in the light; and what you hear whispered, proclaim upon the housetops.
 And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul; rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell.
 Nothing is covered up that will not be revealed, or hidden that will not be known.
 Therefore whatever you have said in the dark shall be heard in the light, and what you have whispered in private rooms shall be proclaimed upon the housetops.
 I tell you, my friends, do not fear those who kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do.
 But I will warn you whom to fear: fear him who, after he has killed, has power to cast into hell; yes, I tell you, fear him!
|A QUALIFICATION FOR DISCIPLESHIP|
 He who loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me; and he who loves son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me;
 and he who does not take his cross and follow me is not worthy of me.
 He who finds his life will lose it, and he who loses his life for my sake will find it.
 If any one comes to me and does not hate his own father and mother and wife and children and brothers and sisters, yes, and even his own life, he cannot be my disciple.
 Whoever does not bear his own cross and come after me, cannot be my disciple
|COMFORT FOR THE LABORERS|
 Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.
 Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me; for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.
 For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.
|LORD OF THE SABBATH
 And he went on from there, and entered their synagogue.
 And behold, there was a man with a withered hand.
And they asked him, "Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath?" so that they might accuse him.
 He said to them, What man of you, if he has one sheep and it falls into a pit on the sabbath, will not lay hold of it and lift it out?
 Of how much more value is a man than a sheep! So it is lawful to do good on the sabbath.
 Then he said to the man, Stretch out your hand. And the man stretched it out, and it was restored, whole like the other.
 But the Pharisees went out and took counsel against him, how to destroy him.
 Again he entered the synagogue, and a man was there who had a withered hand.
 And they watched him, to see whether he would heal him on the sabbath, so that they might accuse him.
 And he said to the man who had the withered hand, Come here.
 And he said to them, Is it lawful on the sabbath to do good or to do harm, to save life or to kill? But they were silent.
 And he looked around at them with anger, grieved at their hardness of heart, and said to the man, Stretch out your hand. He stretched it out, and his hand was restored.
 The Pharisees went out, and immediately held counsel with the Hero'di-ans against him, how to destroy him.
 On another sabbath, when he entered the synagogue and taught, a man was there whose right hand was withered.
 And the scribes and the Pharisees watched him, to see whether he would heal on the sabbath, so that they might find an accusation against him.
 But he knew their thoughts, and he said to the man who had the withered hand, Come and stand here. And he rose and stood there.
 And Jesus said to them, I ask you, is it lawful on the sabbath to do good or to do harm, to save life or to destroy it?
 And he looked around on them all, and said to him,
Stretch out your hand. And he did so, and his hand was restored.
 But they were filled with fury and discussed with one another what they might do to Jesus.
 Jesus, aware of this, withdrew from there. And many followed him, and he healed them all,
 and ordered them not to make him known.
 This was to fulfil what was spoken by the prophet Isaiah:
 Behold, my servant whom I have chosen, my beloved with whom my soul is well pleased. I will put my Spirit upon him, and he shall proclaim justice to the Gentiles.
 He will not wrangle or cry aloud, nor will any one hear his voice in the streets;
 he will not break a bruised reed or quench a smoldering wick,
till he brings justice to victory;
 and in his name will the Gentiles hope.
|THE QUALIFICATION FOR DISCIPLESHIP|
 Then Jesus told his disciples,
If any man would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross and follow me.
 For whoever would save his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake will find it.
 For what will it profit a man, if he gains the whole world and forfeits his life? Or what shall a man give in return for his life?
 For the Son of man is to come with his angels in the glory of his Father, and then he will repay every man for what he has done.
 And he called to him the multitude with his disciples, and said to them, If any man would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross and follow me.
 For whoever would save his life will lose it; and whoever loses his life for my sake and the gospel's will save it.
 For what does it profit a man, to gain the whole world and forfeit his life?
 For what can a man give in return for his life?
 For whoever is ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, of him will the Son of man also be ashamed, when he comes in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.
 And he said to all,
If any man would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me.
 For whoever would save his life will lose it; and whoever loses his life for my sake, he will save it.
 For what does it profit a man if he gains the whole world and loses or forfeits himself?
 For whoever is ashamed of me and of my words, of him will the Son of man be ashamed when he comes in his glory and the glory of the Father and of the holy angels.
|THE SELF PROMOTERS|
 Then the mother of the sons of Zeb'edee came up to him, with her sons, and kneeling before him she asked him for something.
 And he said to her, What do you want? She said to him, "Command that these two sons of mine may sit, one at your right hand and one at your left, in your kingdom."
 But Jesus answered, You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I am to drink?
They said to him, "We are able."
 He said to them, You will drink my cup,
but to sit at my right hand and at my left is not mine to grant, but it is for those for whom it has been prepared by my Father.
 And when the ten heard it, they were indignant at the two brothers.
 But Jesus called them to him and said,
You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great men exercise authority over them.
 It shall not be so among you; but whoever would be great among you must be your servant,
 and whoever would be first among you must be your slave;
 even as the Son of man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.
 And James and John, the sons of Zeb'edee, came forward to him, and said to him, "Teacher, we want you to do for us whatever we ask of you."
 And he said to them, What do you want me to do for you?
 And they said to him, "Grant us to sit, one at your right hand and one at your left, in your glory."
 But Jesus said to them, You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I drink, or to be baptized with the baptism with which I am baptized?
 And they said to him, "We are able." And Jesus said to them, The cup that I drink you will drink; and with the baptism with which I am baptized, you will be baptized;
 but to sit at my right hand or at my left is not mine to grant, but it is for those for whom it has been prepared.
 And when the ten heard it, they began to be indignant at James and John.
 And Jesus called them to him and said to them, You know that those who are supposed to rule over the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great men exercise authority over them.
 But it shall not be so among you; but whoever would be great among you must be your servant,
 and whoever would be first among you must be slave of all.
 For the Son of man also came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.
 A dispute also arose among them, which of them was to be regarded as the greatest.
 And he said to them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and those in authority over them are called benefactors.
 But not so with you; rather let the greatest among you become as the youngest, and the leader as one who serves.
 For which is the greater, one who sits at table, or one who serves? Is it not the one who sits at table? But I am among you as one who serves.
|THE GREAT COMMANDMENT
 But when the Pharisees heard that he had silenced the Sad'ducees, they came together.
 And one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question, to test him.
 "Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?"
 And he said to him, You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.
 This is the great and first commandment.
 And a second is like it, You shall love your neighbor as yourself.
 On these two commandments depend all the law and the prophets.
 And one of the scribes came up and heard them disputing with one another, and seeing that he answered them well, asked him, "Which commandment is the first of all?"
 Jesus answered, The first is, `Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one;
 and you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.'
 The second is this, `You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' There is no other commandment greater than these.
 And behold, a lawyer stood up to put him to the test, saying, "Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?"
 He said to him, What is written in the law? How do you read?
 And he answered, "You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your strength, and with all your mind; and your neighbor as yourself."
 And he said to him, You have answered right; do this, and you will live.
 One of the multitude said to him, "Teacher, bid my brother divide the inheritance with me."
 But he said to him, Man, who made me a judge or divider over you?
 And he said to them, Take heed, and beware of all covetousness; for a man's life does not consist in the abundance of his possessions.
 And he told them a parable, saying, "The land of a rich man brought forth plentifully;
 and he thought to himself, `What shall I do, for I have nowhere to store my crops?'
 And he said, `I will do this: I will pull down my barns, and build larger ones; and there I will store all my grain and my goods.
 And I will say to my soul, Soul, you have ample goods laid up for many years; take your ease, eat, drink, be merry.'
 But God said to him, `Fool! This night your soul is required of you; and the things you have prepared, whose will they be?'
 So is he who lays up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God."
|THE DAY OF THE SON OF MAN
 And he said to the disciples, The days are coming when you will desire to see one of the days of the Son of man, and you will not see it.
 And they will say to you, `Lo, there!' or `Lo, here!' Do not go, do not follow them.
 For as the lightning flashes and lights up the sky from one side to the other, so will the Son of man be in his day.
 But first he must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation.
 As it was in the days of Noah, so will it be in the days of the Son of man.
 They ate, they drank, they married, they were given in marriage, until the day when Noah entered the ark, and the flood came and destroyed them all.
 Likewise as it was in the days of Lot -- they ate, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they built,
 but on the day when Lot went out from Sodom fire and sulphur rained from heaven and destroyed them all --
 so will it be on the day when the Son of man is revealed.
 On that day, let him who is on the housetop, with his goods in the house, not come down to take them away; and likewise let him who is in the field not turn back.
 Remember Lot's wife.
 Whoever seeks to gain his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life will preserve it.
 I tell you, in that night there will be two in one bed; one will be taken and the other left.
 There will be two women grinding together; one will be taken and the other left."
 And they said to him, "Where, Lord?" He said to them, "Where the body is, there the eagles will be gathered together."
|THE TIME FOR TESTIMONY
[9a] Then they will deliver you up to tribulation, . . .
10:17-21[9b]. . . and put you to death; and you will be hated by all nations for my name's sake.
 Beware of men; for they will deliver you up to councils, and flog you in their synagogues,
 and you will be dragged before governors and kings for my sake, to bear testimony before them and the Gentiles.
 When they deliver you up, do not be anxious how you are to speak or what you are to say; for what you are to say will be given to you in that hour;
 for it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you.
 Brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father his child, and children will rise against parents and have them put to death;
 And then many will fall away, and betray one another, and hate one another.
 And many false prophets will arise and lead many astray.
 And because wickedness is multiplied, most men's love will grow cold.
 But he who endures to the end will be saved.
 And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached throughout the whole world, as a testimony to all nations; and then the end will come.
 But take heed to yourselves;
for they will deliver you up to councils; and you will be beaten in synagogues; and you will stand before governors and kings for my sake, to bear testimony before them.
 And the gospel must first be preached to all nations.
 And when they bring you to trial and deliver you up, do not be anxious beforehand what you are to say; but say whatever is given you in that hour, for it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit.
 And brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father his child, and children will rise against parents and have them put to death;
 and you will be hated by all for my name's sake.
But he who endures to the end will be saved.
 But before all this they will lay their hands on you
and persecute you, delivering you up to the synagogues and prisons, and you will be brought before kings and governors for my name's sake.
 This will be a time for you to bear testimony.
 Settle it therefore in your minds, not to meditate beforehand how to answer;
 for I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which none of your adversaries will be able to withstand or contradict.
 You will be delivered up even by parents and brothers and kinsmen and friends, and some of you they will put to death;
 you will be hated by all for my name's sake.
 But not a hair of your head will perish.
 By your endurance you will gain your lives.
 Then Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsem'ane, and he said to his disciples, Sit here, while I go yonder and pray.
 And taking with him Peter and the two sons of Zeb'edee, he began to be sorrowful and troubled.
 Then he said to them, My soul is very sorrowful, even to death; remain here, and watch with me.
 And going a little farther he fell on his face and prayed, My Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me;
nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt.
 And they went to a place which was called Gethsem'ane; and he said to his disciples, Sit here, while I pray.
 And he took with him Peter and James and John, and began to be greatly distressed and troubled.
 And he said to them, My soul is very sorrowful, even to death; remain here, and watch.
 And going a little farther, he fell on the ground and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him.
 And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible to thee; remove this cup from me; yet not what I will, but what thou wilt.
 And when he came to the place he said to them, Pray that you may not enter into temptation.
 And he withdrew from them about a stone's throw, and knelt down and prayed,
 Father, if thou art willing, remove this cup from me; nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done.
|FROM THE FOURTH GOSPEL
 I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.
 He who is a hireling and not a shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, sees the wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees; and the wolf snatches them and scatters them.
 He flees because he is a hireling and cares nothing for the sheep.
 I am the good shepherd; I know my own and my own know me,
 as the Father knows me and I know the Father; and I lay down my life for the sheep.
 And I have other sheep, that are not of this fold; I must bring them also, and they will heed my voice. So there shall be one flock, one shepherd.
 For this reason the Father loves me, because I lay down my life, that I may take it again.
 Now among those who went up to worship at the feast were some Greeks.
 So these came to Philip, who was from Beth-sa'ida in Galilee, and said to him, "Sir, we wish to see Jesus."
 Philip went and told Andrew; Andrew went with Philip and they told Jesus.
 And Jesus answered them, The hour has come for the Son of man to be glorified.
 Truly, truly, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies, it remains alone; but if it dies, it bears much fruit.
 He who loves his life loses it, and he who hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life.
 If any one serves me, he must follow me; and where I am, there shall my servant be also; if any one serves me, the Father will honor him.
 Now is my soul troubled. And what shall I say? `Father, save me from this hour'? No, for this purpose I have come to this hour.
 Father, glorify thy name. Then a voice came from heaven, "I have glorified it, and I will glorify it again."
 Little children, yet a little while I am with you. You will seek me; and as I said to the Jews so now I say to you, `Where I am going you cannot come.'
 A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; even as I have loved you, that you also love one another.
 By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another."
 Simon Peter said to him, "Lord, where are you going?" Jesus answered, "Where I am going you cannot follow me now; but you shall follow afterward."
 Peter said to him, "Lord, why cannot I follow you now? I will lay down my life for you."
 Jesus answered, Will you lay down your life for me? Truly, truly, I say to you, the cock will not crow, till you have denied me three times.
 As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you; abide in my love.
 If you keep my commandments, you will abide in my love, just as I have kept my Father's commandments and abide in his love.
 These things I have spoken to you, that my joy may be in you, and that your joy may be full.
 This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you.
 Greater love has no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.
 You are my friends if you do what I command you.
 No longer do I call you servants, for the servant does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all that I have heard from my Father I have made known to you.
 You did not choose me, but I chose you and appointed you that you should go and bear fruit and that your fruit should abide; so that whatever you ask the Father in my name, he may give it to you.
 This I command you, to love one another.